Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition) Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2017;70:1026-7 - Vol. 70 Num.11 DOI: 10.1016/j.rec.2017.05.035

Initiatives to Achieve Excellence in the Care of Acute Coronary Syndrome

Íñigo Lozano a,, Juan Rondán a, José M. Vegas a, Eduardo Segovia a

a Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital de Cabueñes, Gijón, Asturias, Spain

Refers to

Clinical and Economic Impact of a Multisciplinary Intervention to Reduce Bleeding Risk in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome
Ana de Lorenzo-Pinto, Ana Herranz-Alonso, Begoña Cuéllar-Basterrechea, José María Bellón-Cano, María Sanjurjo-Sáez, Héctor Bueno
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2017;70:825-31
Abstract - Full text - PDF
Initiatives to Achieve Excellence in the Care of Acute Coronary Syndrome. Response
Ana de Lorenzo-Pinto, Héctor Bueno
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2017;70:1027-8
Full text - PDF

Article

To the Editor,

We read with interest the article by de Lorenzo-Pinto et al.1 reporting a program to reduce bleeding in acute coronary syndrome patients. We would like to congratulate the authors for their initiative, which, through proper use of the extensive battery of antithrombotic therapies, will help to improve the care of patients with a highly prevalent and complex condition that represents a substantial part of our activity.

The introduction of coronary units, improvements in antithrombotic therapy, and the use of interventional procedures in the acute phase has helped to produce a spectacular improvement in the care of coronary patients. This is particularly evident in the decreased 30-day mortality rate, which, in the case of ST-elevation acute coronary syndromes, dropped from 16.6% in 1978 to 4.7% in 2007.2

Nonetheless, despite these advances, programs such as the one reported by Lorenzo-Pinto et al.1 show that the task is not over and there is still room for improvement to reach desirable results. The program described by these authors can be added to 2 other initiatives also aimed at improving care, which could be complementary. One of them has not been tested in Spain and the other, in our opinion, could be further perfected. The first involves the recently described programs to effectively reduce readmission rates following percutaneous revascularization. The incidence of repeat hospitalizations is around 15% in the first month and these are rarely due to a procedure-related problem or an acute coronary syndrome.3, 4 The second is the RECALCAR project, launched in Spain in 2011 with the aim of gaining information related to the infrastructure and results of cardiology units within the Spanish health care system. This initiative should be applauded because of its aim of improving knowledge about our activity, but we believe that it could and should undergo some changes. The origin of the data is 2-fold: first, the department heads provide data about the infrastructure and activity of each cardiology unit recorded for a particular year, and second, the outcome data are obtained from the Minimum Basic Data Set of the Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality, derived from the coded discharge reports of the previous year.

Since its inception, this structure has received criticism, as errors in the coding and administrative processes have resulted in complaints from some of the participating centers. This same road was travelled by the New York system and led to a temporary interruption until the current modification was applied, in which the data are based on individual risk, estimated through the use of risk scales. The scores on these scales are recorded by the physician at the time of the procedure, and the accuracy of the data is verified by strict external auditing through random selection of the patients’ clinical records, with consequencies for both the center and the physician if there are errors.5 Following the use of this model, there was a 41% decrease in mortality from 1989 to 1992. Furthermore, since 1992 the data per each physician and center have been published online so that patients can check them and choose a physician according to outcomes. Although it may seem distant or utopian, achieving this level of transparency in the results for centers and physicians in our setting would be a resounding success. In this line, the Spanish Society of Cardiology has launched an effort to monitor quality indicators and improve the results in individual centers.6

It is likely that there will be the usual impediment, a lack of infrastructure to carry out this activity, but our current mission is to demonstrate its effectiveness. In this way, the administration will be encouraged to offer the commitment and resources required to continue on the path to a level of health care excellence we all desire.

Corresponding author: inigo.lozano@gmail.com

Bibliography

1. De Lorenzo-Pinto A, Herranz-Alonso A, Cuéllar-Basterrechea B, Bellón-Cano JM, Sanjurjo-Sáez M, Bueno H. Clinical and economic impact of a multisciplinary intervention to reduce bleeding risk in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Rev Esp Cardiol. 2017;70:825-31.
2. Sala C, Grau M, Masia R, et al. Trends in Q-wave acute myocardial infarction case fatality from 1978 to 2007 and analysis of the effectiveness of different treatments. Am Heart J. 2011;162:444-50.
3. McNeely C, Markwell S, Vassileva CM. Readmission after inpatient percutaneous coronary intervention in the medicare population from 2000 to 2012. Am Heart J. 2016;179:195-203.
4. Tanguturi VK, Temin E, Yeh RW, et al. Clinical interventions to reduce preventable hospital readmission after percutaneous coronary intervention. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2016;9:600-4.
5. Hannan EL, Cozzens K, King SB, Walford G, Shah NR. The New York State cardiac registries: history, contributions, limitations, and lessons for future efforts to assess and publicly report healthcare outcomes. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2012;59:2309-16.
6. López-Sendón J, González-Juanatey JR, Pinto F, et al, Indicadores de calidad en cardiología. Principales indicadores para medir la calidad de los resultados (indicadores de resultados) y parámetros de calidad relacionados con mejores resultados en la práctica clínica (indicadores de práctica asistencial). INCARDIO (Indicadores de Calidad en Unidades Asistenciales del Área del Corazón): Declaración de posicionamiento de consenso de SEC/SECTCV. Rev Esp Cardiol. 2015;68:976-1005.

1885-5857/© 2017 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved

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