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Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition) Revista Española de Cardiología (English Edition)
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2018;71:243-9 - Vol. 71 Num.04 DOI: 10.1016/j.rec.2017.06.001

False Positive STEMI Activations in a Regional Network: Comprehensive Analysis and Clinical Impact. Results From the Catalonian Codi Infart Network

Ander Regueiro a, Diego Fernández-Rodríguez a,b, Xavier Freixa a, Xavier Bosch a, Victoria Martín-Yuste a, Salvatore Brugaletta a, Mercè Roqué a, Manel Sabaté a, Mónica Masotti a,

a Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Clínic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
b Servicio de Cardiología, Hospital Universitari Arnau de Vilanova, Lleida, Spain

Refers to

Free articleFalse-positive Activations in STEMI Networks: An Unavoidable Toll
José A. Barrabés, Antonia Sambola
Rev Esp Cardiol. 2018;71:234-6
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Myocardial infarction. Cardiac catheterization. Emergency medical services.


Introduction and objectives

ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) network activation by a noncardiologist reduces delay times but may increase the rate of false-positive STEMI diagnoses. We aimed to determine the prevalence, predictors, and clinical impact of false-positive activations within the Catalonian STEMI network (Codi Infart).


From January 2010 through December 2011, all consecutive patients treated within the Codi Infart network were included. Code activations were classified as appropriate if they satisfied both electrocardiogram and clinical STEMI criteria. Appropriate activations were classified as false positives using 2 nonexclusive definitions: a) “angiographic” if a culprit coronary artery was not identified, and b) “clinical” if the discharge diagnosis was other than STEMI.


In total, 5701 activations were included. Appropriate activation was performed in 87.8% of the episodes. The rate of angiographic false positives was 14.6%, while the rate of clinical false positives was 11.6%. Irrespective of the definition, female sex, left bundle branch block, and previous myocardial infarction were independent predictors of false-positive STEMI diagnoses. Using the clinical definition, hospitals without percutaneous coronary intervention and patients with complications during the first medical contact also had a false-positive STEMI diagnoses rate higher than the mean. In-hospital and 30-day mortality rates were similar for false-positive and true-positive STEMI patients after adjustment for possible confounders.


False-positive STEMI diagnoses were frequent. Outcomes were similar for patients with a true-positive or false-positive STEMI diagnosis treated within a STEMI network. The presence of any modifiable predictors of a false-positive STEMI diagnosis warrants careful assessment to optimize the use of STEMI networks.

1885-5857/© 2018 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved