Manifest and Concealed Atrioventricular Nodal Double Firing
a Département de Rythmologie, Clinique Pasteur, Toulouse, France
A 56-year-old man underwent catheter ablation for symptomatic runs of tachycardia, during which surface P-waves (stars) were followed by 2 QRS-complexes (Figure 1). The electrophysiological study showed dual anterograde conduction of each sinus beat via fast and slow pathways, systematically resulting in 2 His bundle depolarizations (Figure 1). While double ventricular response was the underlying mechanism of the clinical tachycardia, surface electrocardiogram pseudonormalization occurred when the impulse, carried over the slow pathway, could not reach the ventricles because of His-Purkinje refractoriness, as the interval between His electrogram from fast pathway and slow pathway fell below 310 ms (Figure 1). This reduced His-Purkinje conduction reserve, reflected by distal block, was prefigured by the slight QRS aberrancy observed in a 2:1 alternans manner, resulting in a regularly irregular QRS pattern.>
Notably, discontinuous atrioventricular conduction was evidenced during atrial incremental pacing, with a clear atrio-Hissian jump followed by 1:1 slow pathway conduction (Figure 2). Moreover, successful slow pathway ablation (Figure 2) ensured atrio-Hissian jump elimination and subsequent electrocardiogram normalization (Figure 2). Hence, His bundle ectopies were definitely excluded as a potential mechanism for these electrophysiological manifestations.
The present case demonstrates that incessant atrioventricular nodal double firing can mimic normal sinus rhythm if there is a temporary infra-Hissian conduction block, confirming that rare variants of dual atrioventricular nodal nonreentrant tachycardia have the potential to result in a mistaken diagnosis. Moreover, our curative strategy increases the emphasis placed on slow pathway ablation as a suitable, simple and efficient treatment for this uncommon tachycardia.CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
J.P. Albenque is a consultant for St. Jude Medical and Biosense Webster. S. Boveda has received lecture fees as a consultant for Medtronic and Boston Scientific.
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